1, 2, 3 john summary
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1, 2, 3 john summary

10 Jan 1, 2, 3 john summary

John Chapter 3 (King James Version) 1 There was a man of the Pharisees, named Nicodemus, a ruler of the Jews: 2 The same came to Jesus by night, and said unto him, Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles that thou doest, except God be with him. Since the epistle addresses a group of people, many commentators conclude that “the elect lady” actually refers to a Christian congregation (see 2 John 1:13). It gives us a glimpse of 1st century life in their local churches. Beware of those who speak and publish in opposition to God’s true prophets and who actively proselyte others with reckless disregard for the eternal well-being of those whom they seduce. …. What do these verses teach about the body of Jesus Christ? Followers of Docetism overemphasized Jesus’s spiritual nature to the point that they rejected the idea that He came to earth in actual bodily form. We understood the physical law that is also a spiritual law: light and darkness cannot occupy the same space at the same time. Under the merciful plan of the Father, all of this is possible through the atonement of the Only Begotten of the Father, our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ” (“Apostasy and Restoration,” Ensign, May 1995, 86–87). TopherTwin. Evidence from early Christian writers places the apostle John in Ephesus during most of his later years (c. a.d. 70-100). Why do you think it is important to rely on the words of prophets and apostles rather than the teachings of the world? Jude may have quoted from the apocryphal book of Enoch, which is not in our present canon of scripture. Because these spirits rebelled against the Father, they lost their standing before God and did not qualify for the privilege of coming to mortality—our second estate. If it were not for the Light of Jesus Christ and His gospel, we would be doomed to the destruction of darkness” (“Out of Darkness into His Marvelous Light,” Ensign, May 2002, 70; see D&C 93:39). Baptism is performed by immersion in water. Jude compared these rebellious individuals to people in Old Testament times who were destroyed for their disobedience—the Israelites who were led out of Egypt and later failed to forsake their sins, and the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah. 1 John, 2 John, 3 John addresses deceivers who no longer acknowledge Jesus as Messiah or God's Son and stir up hostility among faithful believers. Seek to understand and obey, because ‘this is the love of God, that we keep his commandments’ [1 John 5:3]. Why is following this counsel an important way to show our love for God? It is written by the Disciple/Apostle John around 85-95 A.D. probably from Ephesus. Mark in your scriptures each occurrence of the word love in 1 John 4:7–21. In the first letter, the elder encourages the Christians in his community to stay together. In this case the test that determined true teachers was whether they taught “that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh” (1 John 4:2). 2 John and 3 John are almost exactly the same length, and the phraseology is extremely similar. John referred to these people as “spirits” who possessed the “spirit of antichrist” (see 1 John 4:1–3). In form, 1 John is more of a doctrinal essay or treatise than an epistle to a specific Christian congregation. Our highest aspiration is to be like them. “Out of Darkness into His Marvelous Light,”, “The Cost—and Blessings—of Discipleship,”, “Beware of False Prophets and False Teachers,”. In 3 John we see John’s concern about apostate influences in the Church. For example, the bishop Cyprian (about A.D. 200–258) wrote: “What man is, Christ was willing to be, that man also may be what Christ is. … What Christ is, we Christians shall be, if we imitate Christ” (“The Treatises of Cyprian,” 6.11, 15, in Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson, eds., The Writings of the Fathers Down to A.D. 325: Ante-Nicene Fathers, 10 vols. Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another’ [1 John 4:10–11]—and to love Him forever, I pray” (“The Grandeur of God,” Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2003, 72–73; see also the commentary for John 3:14–17). John’s testimony of Jesus Christ and His role in our salvation powerfully refuted the false teachings that were then entering into the Church. In his Gospel, John recorded Jesus’s teaching that those who love the Savior keep His commandments: “If ye keep my commandments, ye shall abide in my love” (John 15:10). The Bible Dictionary states: “The object of prayer is not to change the will of God but to secure for ourselves and for others blessings that God is already willing to grant but that are made conditional on our asking for them. Cain murdered his brother Abel in order to gain his brother’s flocks (see Genesis 4:8; Moses 5:32–33). The book of Moses, however, confirms that Enoch was given knowledge of the last days and of the Savior’s Second Coming (see Moses 7:62–66). Thus John said of the saints, ‘Ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things’ (1 John 2:20), that is, they had received the Holy Ghost so that the spirit of revelation and knowledge rested with them” (Mormon Doctrine, 2nd ed. Jude alone recorded a prophecy of Enoch about the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. It appears to deal ‘with certain revelations made by Moses,’ and ‘with his disappearance in a cloud, so that his death was hid from human sight. … Michael was commissioned to bury Moses. The apparent addition is the words “in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 1 That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we proclaim concerning the Word of life. Jude also gave the example of the angels in the premortal world who chose to rebel against God and follow Satan (see verses 5–8). He came back the next morning to find that one more of the children had died during the night. God is Love. Safety is found in following apostolic direction, as President M. Russell Ballard expressed: “These are difficult times, and the world’s cultural and sociological landmarks of propriety, honesty, integrity, and political correctness are constantly shifting. … At such times, we might well ask, ‘Is there one clear, unpolluted, unbiased voice that we can always count on? Watch and Explore over 150 BibleProject videos. Those councils are more in tune with the Lord than any individual person they preside over” (Finding Light in a Dark World [1995], 121). Also, 1 Jn. As in 2 John, the author identified himself as “the elder” (3 John 1:1) and is traditionally understood to be the Apostle John. The vocabulary and style closely match 1 John and 2 John, leading most commentators to conclude that the epistles had the same author. The use of \"we\" immediately afterwards implies that we all are liable to this, though not ne… John called the Saints “the sons of God” and said that “when he shall appear, we shall be like him” (1 John 3:1–2). Jude compared false teachers to the rebellious Cain, Balaam, and Core (or Korah, as it is spelled in the Old Testament), each of whom sinned grievously in the eyes of the Lord (see Jude 1:11). We deceive ourselves when we ignore our sins or say that we have no sin. 11 May 2015, 19:49. Introduction and Timeline for 1 John, 2 John, 3 John, and Jude. Jude cited scripture and Jewish apocryphal accounts to show how God had dealt in times past with individuals who openly opposed His work. To participate in life with God, believers must keep Jesus' commands to love each other and not love the world. He highly commends Gaius' care and hospitality to his messengers whose mission was to take the Gospel from place to place, whether they were known to him or were strangers. John and Jude wrote their epistles at a time when apostasy was threatening the Church. Purpose. The author identified himself as “the elder” (2 John 1:1) and is traditionally understood to be the Apostle John. Tradition states that John left Palestine to live in Ephesus during his later years; therefore, 1–3 John could have been written from Ephesus. To read more about Jesus Christ as our propitiation, see the commentary for Romans 3:25. He was baptized just a few days later. John taught that “love is of God,” that “God is love,” and that God’s love was manifest in the gift of His Only Begotten Son (1 John 4:7–9; see also John 3:16–17). The epistle of 3 John was written to Gaius, a faithful member of the Church whom John praised for showing unselfish devotion to the cause of Christ by providing accommodations for God’s traveling servants (see 3 John 1:5–8). a. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in … He did not care that they were not members of the Church; his kindness and charity moved him to act. Diotrephes was apparently either a leader in a local branch or the host of a house-church. Speaking of false teachers among the Saints, John warned that “even now are there many antichrists” (1 John 2:18). The author calls himself an eyewitness of Jesus' life (chapter 1:1-3) and expresses himself with the authority of a respected, elder spiritual leader. The book of Jude references Old Testament and Jewish literature to refute corrupt teachers and encourage godly living. The author of 1 John did not identify himself in the epistle; however, as early as the second century, Christian scholars have identified the author as the Apostle John, one of the original Twelve. They reject the need for a Savior. We do not know the location of its composition. Here we have three different letters, written at different times, to different people. They also believed that salvation was achieved through special knowledge (gnosis) rather than through faith in Jesus Christ. )” (Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3:421). To read more about mortals being able to see God, see John 14:23; Acts 7:56; Doctrine and Covenants 93:1; Joseph Smith—History 1:16–17; and the commentary for John 1:18. Sodom and Gomorrah were ancient neighboring cities located somewhere near the Dead Sea, probably at its southern end. How might having God’s fellowship help you discern truth from error? Jude is a general epistle addressed to faithful Christians—“to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ” (Jude 1:1). “Light dispels darkness. President M. Russell Ballard of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles warned modern Church members not to associate with deceivers and antichrists operating in our day: “Let us beware of false prophets and false teachers, both men and women, who are self-appointed declarers of the doctrines of the Church and who seek to spread their false gospel and attract followers by sponsoring symposia, books, and journals whose contents challenge fundamental doctrines of the Church. A propitiation is a sacrifice made to regain God’s favor or goodwill (see 1 John 2:2; 4:10). But the letter itself does not indicate who they were or where they lived. I John was written to combat false teaching concerning the person and work of Jesus Christ. All legitimate teachers will share the truth about Jesus and the cross, love others sacrificially and spread love and light rather than fear. It reminds believers that the way they live demonstrates their faith. For more information on John, see “Who wrote John?” in chapter 21. I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. This doctrine continued to be taught by many Christian writers after the deaths of the Apostles. An advocate is a person who supports or pleads the cause of another person. Jude encouraged his readers to defend the faith. Balaam used his God-given gift of prophecy to seek after riches and honor (see Numbers 22:5; 25:1–8). Background of the books. Such moments will require both courage and courtesy on your part” (“The Cost—and Blessings—of Discipleship,” Ensign or Liahona, May 2014, 6). Concerning people like Diotrephes, the Prophet Joseph Smith (1805–44) wrote, “It is the nature and disposition of almost all men, as soon as they get a little authority, as they suppose, they will immediately begin to exercise unrighteous dominion” (D&C 121:39; see also 2 Nephi 26:29). Prior to His death, the Savior had warned His disciples about the coming of “false Christs” (Matthew 24:24). Jude wrote that there were “spots” or blemishes in the Saints’ shared meals, called “feasts of charity” (Jude 1:12). Here Jude was referring to the faith that was taught originally by Christ Himself and then by His Apostles. New Testament commentators generally believe that 1 John was written between A.D. 70 and 100, perhaps in the last few years of the first century. [1966], 812–13). In what ways do the writings of John and Jude contribute to your understanding of the Apostasy? Satan opposed the burial. … Finally, all opposition having been overcome, the assumption took place in the presence of Joshua and Caleb’ (R. H. Charles, The Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament, vol. 2, pp. However, John wrote that “perfect love casteth out fear” (1 John 4:18). 407–413. Beloved, I pray that you may prosper in all things and be in health, just as your soul prospers. Another possibility is that “the elect lady and her children” were John’s wife and family. Apocryphal books like the Assumption of Moses are not included in the Bible because of their dubious authenticity or validity. In the third letter, John wrote to commend, encourage, and instruct his good friend Gaius. “Today I make you a promise. If you will listen to the living prophet and the apostles and heed our counsel, you will not go astray” (“His Word Ye Shall Receive,” Ensign, May 2001, 65–66). “He alone records Enoch’s glorious prophecy about the Second Coming of the Son of Man” (Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, 3 vols. Traditionally the author has been understood to be Jude the half-brother of Jesus Christ (see Matthew 13:55; Mark 6:3). John 1:3, CSB: "All things were created through him, and apart from him not one thing was created that has been created." The universe is not the product of mindless matter, but an intelligent Creator. John refuted these false teachings by bearing witness of the Savior’s physical existence (see 1 John 1:1–2; 4:2–3, 14; 5:6). 8:16–17). Certain phrases may have been added to 1 John 5:7–8 as late as the fourth century A.D. This term can be seen as one of endearment, much like when Paul referred to Timothy as his son (see 1 Timothy 1:2, 18; 2 Timothy 1:2). Elder Bruce R. McConkie gave insight about this verse: “Commentators assume … that Jude had before him and was quoting from a then current apocryphal book, ‘The Assumption of Moses,’ which has been preserved to us in fragmentary form only. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] The role of God as Creator is established in verse 3. The phrase “going after strange flesh” refers to engaging in homosexual acts. Jude said that these two cities were destroyed because their people indulged in the sins of “fornication, and going after strange flesh” (Jude 1:7; see also Genesis 19:27–29). 1Jn 2:12-14,19; 3:1; 5:13 make it clear that this letter was addressed to believers. When we love others, we invite the light of Christ to illuminate our lives. President Wilford Woodruff (1807–98) related how as a young man he had sought after the faith that had been taught by Jesus Christ and the Apostles: “I read the New Testament. Fellowship with God is the essence of our faith, and Tony walks through 1, 2 & 3 John to paint a picture of love, obedience, and truth. The three epistles of John are surely the work of one man and most scholars conclude that it is John the apostle. Jude 1:4–9 is indeed similar in wording to 2 Peter 2; however, Peter was prophesying of future apostasy whereas Jude spoke of an apostasy that was currently taking place (see 2 Peter 2:1; Jude 1:4). Jude’s stated purpose was to encourage his readers to “earnestly contend for the faith” against ungodly teachers who had entered the Church, promoting immoral behavior and false teachings that denied the Lord Jesus Christ (Jude 1:3). New Testament scholars believe that 3 John was written between A.D. 70 and 100, probably in the last years of the first century. 3. 1:4 • To help them guard against sin. “The presiding elder said: ‘My dear young man, you would be a very smart man, and a very useful man in the earth, if you did not believe all those foolish things’” (Teachings of Presidents of the Church: Wilford Woodruff [2004], 35–36). In this epistle, John expressed concern over apostate influences in the Church. The King James Version of 1 John 4:12 reads, “No man hath seen God at any time.” The Joseph Smith Translation of this verse clarifies the misconception that mortals are unable to see God: “No man hath seen God at any time, except them who believe” (in 1 John 4:12, footnote a). To read more about Michael the archangel, see Doctrine and Covenants 27:11; 29:26; 88:112–15; 107:54; 128:20–21. Fellowship includes the ideas of communion, partnership, and sharing a common life. Although John spent a major portion of his life in Palestine, the area was hostile to Christians and Jews following the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple in A.D. 70. “When he arrived, James found one toddler already dead and two others who were in agony from the disease. He taught of the “first estate” and explained what awaits those who rebel against God and His work (Jude 1:6). Diotrephes, a local Church leader, refused to recognize John’s authority (see 3 John 1:9–10). John does not want believers to sin (1 John 2:1). To do so would be counter to eternal law. 2 The same was in the beginning with God. Jude was evidently an active Church member of high esteem in Jerusalem, and he had traveled as a missionary (see Acts 1:13–14; 1 Corinthians 9:5). Christ covered the sins of all the world (1 John 2:2). Christ’s atoning blood allows us to be born again. This rejoicing illustrates the joy and gratitude that Church leaders, both ancient and modern, feel for those who remain faithful to the Lord. John was not suggesting that the Saints should fail to extend common courtesy to those who taught contrary doctrines. 3:2). Even as John pointed out how antichrists were at work within the Church, he assured the Saints that “an unction from the Holy One” would allow them to “know all things” as they sought to resist false ideas (1 John 2:20). John warned Church members not to heed or befriend these individuals. Blessings require some work or effort on our part before we can obtain them” (“Prayer”). At the same time, he also expressed joy for Church members who had remained strong and loyal (see 2 John 1:1). To read more about the Church’s teachings regarding homosexual acts, see the commentary for Romans 1:26–27. 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